Policy Platform Seminar Series on Economics of Science and Innovation
Evaluation of Science, Resource Allocation, and Scientific Performance
講師：柴山創太郎（特任准教授 東京大学工学系研究科／科学技術イノベーション政策における「政策のための科学」 教育・研究ユニット）
場所：東京大学本郷キャンパス 工学部3号館 第34講義室
The contemporary science system relies on intense evaluation of scientific publication, in which scientific “impact” is highly emphasized, but its implication has been controversial. This seminar discusses the trend of science evaluation and its impact on scientists’ publication strategies based on recent empirical studies including the speaker’s. The speaker particularly focuses on two aspects of the science system — resource allocation and career design — and explores whether these policies, presumably aiming at high-impact research, indeed achieve the goal. Drawing on in-depth interviews and econometric analyses of Japanese biology professors, it first shows that merit-based resource allocation can result in biased resource allocation, and that excessive resource concentration can facilitate low-impact publications. Second, results show that a lack of mobility, in particular inbreeding, increases low-impact publications, while international mobility decreases it. The latter effect is found to be mediated by fewer publications in low-impact journals, and thus, internationally mobile academics seem to decide the publication destination more strategically.
Shibayama, S. & Baba, Y. (2015) Impact-Oriented Science Policies and Scientific Publication Practices: The Case of Life Sciences. Research Policy, 44(4): 936-950.
Shibayama, S. (2011) Distribution of Academic Research Funds: Case of Japanese National Research Grant. Scientometrics, 88(1), 43-60.